Fighting techniques have been a part of the human experience ever since man strived to develop more efficient and effective ways to bring an opponent down.
Practiced competitively, the earliest known instance of unarmed combat fighting was in the Olympic games of 648 B.C. when pankration first made its appearance, although it was probably practiced long before then.
Today a wide variety of fighting techniques are utilized in the various armed and unarmed martial arts and competitive sports such as karate, judo, jiu-jetso and many others. Even street fighting has evolved to develop slightly more codified methods.
While all of these combat sports have their own distinctive techniques, they also have a lot in common. Kicking for example is a technique that is shared among many different martial arts, as are boxing
and grappling styles.
The recent popularity of mixed martial arts as a competitive sport has given fighters who practice multiple disciplines a platform in which to use all their knowledge in a competitive arena.
An intense and often brutal discipline, mixed martial arts employ a variety of striking and grappling styles and techniques that have been practice for hundreds of years, in addition to some that have evolved naturally over the course of the sport’s development.
Although it may seem to many that mixed martial arts is a sport where anything goes, there are a number of techniques that are not allowed.
Among these are eye gouging, biting, fish hooking and techniques that involve manipulation of the small joints.
Strikes to the groin are typically no longer allowed in virtually all events, and there are a number of techniques that are disallowed in some events but allowed in others. Among these are head butting, elbow strikes and spinal locks.
There are also many fighting techniques that involve the use of other equipment such as staffs, swords, spears, nunchuks and many others.
With a history that is at least as old as unarmed combat, all of these require an added degree of training and discipline, and in the hands of a highly skilled combatant, they can be effectively used to deliver potentially lethal force.