There are probably as many sword fighting techniques that have been practiced throughout history as there have been different swords. The sword has after all been used in many different cultures almost since the dawn of time.
While the methods can differ to some–and even to a great–degree, there are a few basic fundamentals that will serve you well no matter what type of sword it is that you are carrying.
Breathing is an important part of many physical disciplines–combat or otherwise–and it is the same in the art of sword fighting.
Obviously, breathing properly will give you several benefits in terms of keeping your wind and stamina while engaged in sport, but it is particularly useful in sword fighting as a means of initiating and anticipating an attack.
The most effective sword fighters will time their strikes to coincide with the exhalation of air from their lungs, in order to produce more power in their blow.
Conversely, you can also train yourself to determine this action in your opponent, and therefore predict the precise instant when he is moving in for the attack.
Balance is another important component of sword fighting techniques. It is easy enough to take this for granted; after all, you simply have to remember not to fall, right?
Well, there is a lot more to it than that. Remember: sword fighting is made up of several different moves and countermoves.
All it takes is for you to be put in a position of imbalance for a split second before your opponent can move in and take advantage.
At the same time, you should also be aware of the necessity of being off balance when it can be beneficial to you. You may have to get in a particularly tricky blow for example, or you may have to dodge a sudden attack.
Finally, timing is probably one of those sword fighting techniques that can most often spell the difference between victory and defeat.
Unfortunately, this is also one of the hardest skills to develop consciously, and in this case experience is probably your best teacher.